Utility systems - processdesign

Jan 13, 2014 · The heat content of boiler exhaust gas Incomplete combustion of boiler fuel Radiant losses from the boiler exterior Blowdown losses Distribution losses (pipe transport, steam traps, etc.) The first four of these losses take place at the boiler and contribute to the heating efficiencies seen in Table 1 for steam created with coal, gas, and oil.

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